ACT阅读词汇题你会做了吗?
2018-07-17
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提到词汇题一般大家都会觉得很简单,不就是考察词汇量吗?我把单词背熟了,自然就能选得出答案。对于大家熟悉的托福阅读词汇题来说,的确如此,但是对于ACT阅读词汇题来讲,可不仅仅是认识了单词就一定可以做对题的哦!不信就来试试下面的五道ACT阅读里的词汇题,看你可以选对几个呢?

Most beautifully,when the band had finished its last encore, when everybody, even the kids hanging off the rooftops,were chanting “Tito!” he bowed to the audience, sent kisses flying and then began to walk off the stage.That’s when our lead singer, Santiago, who had passed the concert jumping up and down in place, scrambled toward him.

1,pass (2006-06-63F-30 )continue tosucceededgone byexperienced这题你是不是选的gone by ? The day was dawning,and the shepherd urged his sheep in the direction of the sun. He drank a bit, and he gathered his jacket closer to his body.

2,gather (2007-06-65C-10)attachedliftedassembledpulled这题你是不是很想选attached ? Every writer has met the guy at the party who says he,too, has always wanted to write a novel, if only he had the time,because he’s got such a great story to tell.And it seems to me that it’s that same guy asking the questions at the reading.Maybe this is why the question rises so often:because the guy really wants to know how to do it.

3,rises (2007-12-65E-26)ascendssoarsswellsmaterializes这题是不是在ascends 和soars里纠结? To me the world of poetry is a house with thousands of glittering windows. Our words and images, land to land, era to era, shed light on one another. Our words dissolve the shadows we imagine fall between.

4,shadow (2009-12-68A-25)outlinesreflectionsspiritsbarriers这题是不是纠结reflections? The telescope would have to be mounted in an enormous wooden gantry,capable of being turned safely on its axis by just two workmen, but also susceptible to the finest figertip adjustment by the observing astronomer.

5,finest (2015-04-73G-15)slightestfairestthinnestgreatest这题是不是想秒选greatest?

解析在这:这五道词汇题考察的都是非常简单常见的词汇,单词意思相信大家也都很熟悉,可是你根据熟知的意思所筛选的是否就是正确的呢?

在ACT的Prep Guide第三版里关于题型的部分,对于词汇题有着非常明确的表述:Questions about meanings of words ask you to determine from context what a particular word, phrase, or statement most nearly means. In some cases, the word or words will probably be unfamiliar to you, but even when familiar words are tested, you’ll have to look at the context in which they appear to determine the closest synonym or phraphrase. 这段表述里,大家要重点关注的信息就是determine from context也就是说单词意思必须基于原文内容,即使是familiar熟悉的词汇也必须基于原文。

知道了这一点回头再看到这五道词汇题,首先第一题里,背景是在一个乐队表演的过程中,考察的单词passed放在That’s when our lead singer, Santiago, who had passed the concert jumping up and down in place, scrambled toward him.的定语从句里用来修饰人物Santiago,从事太来看,整个句子是过去式,而定语从句用的是过去完成时态,表明这一行为在当时已经完成,所以passed的意思不该是经过演唱会而是经历过,所以选择experienced。

第二题里He drank a bit, and he gathered his jacket closer to his body.很多同学都会选attached觉得把衣服贴的更近,但是仔细读句子发现,后面跟的单词是closer,用到closer表明原来衣服和body之间是有距离的,attach一词表示贴服贴合是没有空间距离的,所以选pulled更能生动的体现句中任务的动作,喝了点水然后把外套像身体拉近了一些。

第三题rise的确和ascend以及soar一样都有上升的意思,但在句子里Maybe this is why the question rises so often:because the guy really wants to know how to do it.更多的是表现问题出现或者浮现比较的频繁,这样一来ascend以及soar的意思就不太贴合了,swell表示膨胀更不合适,而materialized除了大家熟悉的物质化之外还可以表示具体化,浮现的意思,所以搁在这里与句意更为贴合。

第四题shadow表示阴影,很多同学误选reflection,而句子Our words and images, land to land, era to era, shed light on one another. Our words dissolve the shadows we imagine fall between. 表述我们的文字和图像,领土对领土,时代对时代,彼此阐明光辉交射。我们的文字融解了我们之间的阴影,可见此处阴影为负面意思的单词,排除中性的outlines, reflections, spirits选有负面性质的barriers隔阂一词。

最后一题其实很简单,fineset大家太熟悉了,除了表示极好的之外还可以表示细小的意思,搁在此处句中The telescope would have to be mounted in an enormous wooden gantry,capable of being turned safely on its axis by just two workmen, but also susceptible to the finest figertip adjustment by the observing astronomer. but之后表示易受观察的天文学家最为细微的指尖调整的影响,所以对应slightest最为贴切。

希望通过以上的五个例子可以让你体会和领悟ACT阅读词汇题的解题方法。夯实词汇基础的同时,多联系语境体会单词的用法和妙处。除了掌握解题方法之外,感受阅读的魅力,提升阅读能力。


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作者:Kral
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