【雅思大作文】-【科技】人类行为对动植物影响
2018-10-19
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摘要:
今天满分帝同大家分享的是雅思大作文环境类话题,各位烤鸭们擦亮眼睛往下看吧!
1题目
Human activities have negative effects on plant and animal species. Some people think it is too late to do anything about this problem. Others believe effective measures can be taken to improve this situation. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
2题目翻译
人类行为对植物动物产生负面影响,有些人认为现在解决这个问题太晚,有些人认为有效措施可以解决这个问题,谈论两种观点?
3题目解析
此题是典型的环境类的题目,属于环境类中的动植物的考察,提问方式属于第三类的argumentation,注意回答问题时,双边都要讨论哦。上一次考到这题是2016年2月18日,有相似题目如下:
1. Some people think that zoos are cruel and all the zoos should be closed. However, others think zoos are useful to protect rare animals. Discuss both these views and give your opinion.
2. Many animal species in the world are becoming extinct nowadays. Some people say that countries and individuals should protect these animals from dying out, while others say we should concentrate more on problems of human beings. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
3. Some people claim that it is acceptable to use animals in medical research for the benefit of human beings, while other people argue that it is wrong. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
4解题思路
首先这篇文章我们可以采用四段式或五段式
开头段:背景句+话题引出-观点
正文段一:第一类人态度-现在解决这个问题太晚的理由
正文段二:第二类人态度-存在有效措施可以解决这个问题
结尾段:观点+总结(或将观点单独拎出来写一段)
Ps:正文段如若论点够多,也可展开2段或多段
5确定论点
现在解决这个问题太晚的理由:
1. 有些动物已然灭绝,不可能重生。
2. 即便重生,地球的资源有限,可能连生存空间都提供不了
解决这个问题的有效措施:
1. 提高人们的环保意识,珍惜野生动植物的栖息地。要减少对自然资源的过度开采,限制对野生生物和自然的伤害。
2. 政府立法保护稀有动物,限制任意的动物试验。
3. 提倡植树造林, 以实现资源的可持续性发展。
6范文
Over the years, human activities, such as pollution, deforestation and urbanization have greatly narrowed the space for other species on the earth, or even threatened their existence. Some believe that the damage is irreversible and thus we could do nothing, while others persist in carrying out effective measures to alleviate the current situation. To make a wise decision, a careful discussion of the above two views is needed.
Throughout history, varieties of examples may serve as good reasons to those pessimists. They claim that no matter how we try now, it is impossible to revive those extinct species, such as the thylacine that died off since 1963 due to its lack of food on this planet. Besides, even when we can bring them into life again, and even we hope to protect those endangered ones, there is no room available for them to survive, take the dinosaurs for example, because few people would return to the past and hand over the land to those wild species. In addition, just as the natural law defines“only the fittest can survive”, it is meaningless to maintain the weak ones on the earth, unless they themselves are able to continue their life.
However, we cannot leave things like this to go on; otherwise, the doomsday for human beings will come soon. Firstly, overexploitation of natural resources should be reduced. Hunting and smuggling of wild animals and plants should be banned; overgrazing and over-cultivation should be stopped, and utilization of irreplaceable fuel sources such as coal and oil should be slowed down, so that we could have a sustainable development. Furthermore, damages to the nature, as well as the wild creatures, ought to be restricted. The decrease in the use of fertilizer and pesticides, the decline in deforestation and the reduction in pollution, can all contribute to a better ecology system to hold all the creatures on the earth.
To sum up, both sides seem to be reasonable to some extent. However, personally, I tend to support the latter because something is better than nothing, and we cannot sit and wait for our death without doing anything.(标红为核心论点)
7范文翻译
近些年来,污染、乱砍滥伐森林、城市化,诸如此类的人类活动极大地缩减了地球上其他物种的生活空间,甚至威胁到它们的生存。有些人认为这些伤害是无可挽回的,因为我们也无能为力,但是另一些人坚持实施有效的措施来减缓当前的局面。下结论前,需要仔细讨论上述两方观点。
纵观历史,我们可以找出很多例子来支持这些消极的人的想法,他们声称让那些灭绝的动物重生是不可能的,即便我们用尽全力。比如从1963年开始袋狼就因为缺乏实物而从地球上消失了。还有,即便是我们能够让它们复活,有心保护这些濒危动物,地球上也没有空间给它们生存了。拿恐龙作个例子,很少有人会想回到过去,把土地交回给野生动物。此外,如“适者生存”的法则而言,把弱势物种留在地球上也是无意的,除非它们自身有能力生存下去。
然而,我们不能放手不管,让事情这么发展下去,否则,人类的末日也就不远了。首先,要减少对自然资源的过度开采;禁止猎杀和走私野生动物;停止过度放牧和开垦;要减少对诸如煤炭和石油这样的不可再生能源的开发,这样我们才能拥有可持续发展。进一步,要限制对野生生物和自然的伤害。减少化肥和杀虫剂的使用、减少森林砍伐和污染排放都有助于构建一个良好的生态系统,得以把所有的生物留在地球上。
总之,从某种程度而言,两方都有理。然而,我个人支持后者,因为做了总好过不做,我们不能坐着等待我们的末日。
8范文中的高分句子
1. Over the years, human activities, such as pollution, deforestation and urbanization have greatly narrowed the space for other species on the earth, or even threatened their existence.
解析:such as用于举例子,相当于for instance, for example,但注意such as后不加句子。Deforestation意为乱砍滥伐;narrow此处作为动词使用,意为缩减,例narrow the gap between haves and have-nots意为缩小贫富差距。Threaten和narrow为并列谓语,threaten等同于pose a threat to威胁的意思。
2. Besides, even when we can bring them into life again, and even we hope to protect those endangered ones, there is no room available for them to survive, take the dinosaurs for example, because few people would return to the past and hand over the land to those wild species.
解析:when引导时间状语从句,there is no room使用了there be句型,take the dinosaurs for example为插入语的用法,because后接原因状语从句。Endangered濒危的,available可获得的,可利用的。
3. Hunting and smuggling of wild animals and plants should be banned; overgrazing and over-cultivation should be stopped, and utilization of irreplaceable fuel sources such as coal and oil should be slowed down, so that we could have a sustainable development.
解析:hunting和smuggling为现在分词并列作主语,;分号的作用相当于连词,smuggle意为走私, overgrazing意为过度放牧,over-cultivation意为过度耕作,irreplaceable fuel sources不可再生资源,等同于sustainable fuel sources及alternative fuel sources。Sustainable可持续的。
4. The decrease in the use of fertilizer and pesticides, the decline in deforestation and the reduction in pollution, can all contribute to a better ecology system to hold all the creatures on the earth.
解析:decrease,decline和reduction为同义词,意为减少、下降,常用于雅思写作的小作文中;contribute to相当于lead to, cause, give rise to等;fertilizer意为化肥,pesticide意为杀虫剂,deforestation意为乱砍滥伐,ecology system意为生态系统。
作者:Spring Rain
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