1.The Last Leaf by O. Henry/欧亨利的最后一片叶子
写作例子：Johnsy is an inhabitant of an art colony inGreenwich Village, where pneumonia is taking its toll. Eventually, Johnsy isstricken with the disease and gives up all desire to live. Outside her windowresides an old ivy vine on which only a few leaves remain. Convinced that shewill die when the last leaf falls, Johnsy watches the vine incessantly. This morbid fascination distresses her big hearted neighbor Mr. Berhman, an oldpainter scraping by as an artist’s model and still dreaming of painting hismasterpiece. Time passes, Johnsy remains fascinated by the withering vine. Toher growing astonishment, a single last leaf attaches itself firmly to thevine. Taking this as an embodiment of hope, Johnsy’s condition ameliorated. Inthe meantime, her neighbor has been taken to hospital with pneumonia, where helater dies. It is later discovered that he had contracted the disease after stayingup all night to paint the perfect image of a single leaf on the brick walloutside Johnsy’s window.
简介：查尔斯·舒尔茨(Charles M. Schulz)，1922年11月26日出生于美国明尼苏达州，2000年2月12日因肠结癌辞世，享年77岁。他1950年开始创作史努比系列漫画，五十年来史努比、查理·布朗等故事人物的触角，已延伸至全球七十五个国家，透过21种翻译本刊登在2600家报纸上，以及3亿本漫画和50部卡通，估计每天陪伴3亿5千万读者一同欢笑。2001年又陆续刊登了查尔斯·舒尔茨在世时未发表的画稿。
写作例子：Charles Monroe Schulz is an Americancartoonist, whose comic strip Peanuts is considered to be one of the most popularand influential in the history of the medium. Although Charles was a shy, timidteenager, he was steadfast and persistent. It is his self-defeatingstubbornness and admirable perseverance in trying his best against all oddsthat made him a popular figure. He can never win a ballgame but continues toplay baseball; he can never fly a kite successfully but continues to do so.Although his drawings were first rejected by his high school yearbook and thenrefused by Disney, he persevered and created the world renowned Charlie Brownand Snoopy, known as Peanut comic, which reflects his own life. Peanuts ran for50 years, and, at its peak, appeared in more than 2,600 newspapers in 75countries.
简介：托马斯·阿尔瓦·爱迪生(Thomas Alva Edison，1847年2月11日—1931年10月18日)，出生于美国俄亥俄州米兰镇，逝世于美国新泽西州西奥兰治。发明家、企业家。爱迪生是人类历史上第一个利用大量生产原则和电气工程研究的实验室来进行从事发明专利而对世界产生重大深远影响的人。他发明的留声机、电影摄影机、电灯对世界有极大影响。他一生的发明共有两千多项，拥有专利一千多项。
写作例子：Thomas Edison is considered to be one ofthe most prolific inventors in history, holding 1,093 US patents under hisname. He is one of the first inventors to apply the principles of massproduction and large teamwork to the process of invention, and therefore isoften credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.To find a long lasting material for the light bulb, Edison and his team workedfor many years and experienced more than 1,500 failures through the process.However, their research was not hampered by setbacks and their hard work wasfinally paid off in 1879. Using a small carbonized bamboo filament, Edison andhis team were able to produce a light bulb that was able to last over 40 hours.After soughting further improvements, Edison finally filed for US patent 223898in November4, 1879. His invention of the light bulb not only revolutionized thenascent electric industry, but also made electricity viable to mankind.
写作例子：Henry Ford, the American founder of theFord Motor Company, had been stimulated by Thomas Edison in his youth andfollowed Thomas Edison’s career then. In 1896, while attending acompany-sponsored convention in Manhattan Beach, New York, Henry Ford was introducedto the great inventor Thomas Edison. During their conversation, Edison askedthe young Henry Ford a host of questions and when the conversation was over,Edison emphasized his satisfaction by banging his fist down on the table."Young man," he said, "that's the thing! You have it!” To HenryFord, as he later indicated, that bang on the table was worth worlds.
After receiving the complete approval fromThomas Edison, Henry Ford strived to accomplish his invention of the cheap andconvenient Model T. After further improvements, the price of Model T decreasedfrom 850to850to225, a price that is affordable to most social classes. Thedesign later revolutionized the transportation industry in America becauseprior to its introduction, cars were a form of luxury that is only affordableto the upper echelons. And in just 19 years after the first introduction, thesales of the Model T had reached an astounding 15,007,034, a record which stoodfor the next 45 years.