托福口语要熟练掌握这些固定搭配
2018-07-25
来自互联网
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摘要:

  常见的6种错误类型,你都能看得出来吗?

  固定搭配

  *箭头右边为正确的搭配*

  1. in return to → in return for

  报答

  2. substitute A with B → substitute A for B

  用A代替B

  3. account 20% → account for 20%

  占据…比例

  4. attitude on life → attitude towards/to life

  对生活的态度

  5. in a quick speed → at a quick speed

  高速

  6. with many respects → in many respects

  在许多方面

  7. considerations to… → considerations for…

  考虑

  8. become victims of … → become victims to …

  成为牺牲品

  9. the problems with the government → the problems for the government

  政府的难题

  10. resistance of → resistance to

  抵抗

  11. embark sth. → embark on sth.

  着手做某事

  12. at advance of sth. → in advance of sth.

  提前,在…之前

  13. interpret… to → interpret… as

  把…解释为…

  14. take pride of → take pride in

  骄傲

  15. leap out to… → leap out at…

  扑过来

  16. inject them lethal strains → inject them withlethalstrains

  注射

  17. charge him with the same price → charge him for the same price

  收费

  18. imbalance of A and B → imbalance between A and B

  A与B间的不平衡

  19. fortify sb. for sth. → fortify sb. against sth.

  加强…以抵御…

  20. cast/ throw/ shed light to sth. → cast/throw/ shed light on sth.

  给…提供线索

  21. in proportion with → in proportion to

  与…成比例

  22. pay for it with dollars → pay for it in dollars

  用美元支付

  23. be in liberty to → be at liberty to

  不受限制或支配

  24. be contrasted to → be contrasted with

  形成反差,对立

  25. commit an offence to → commit an offence against

  犯罪行为

  26. ability of (doing) sth. → ability in (doing) sth.

  做某事的能力

  27. defend sth. against → defend sth. from

  保护不受伤害

  28. at the first place → in the first place

  首先

  29. take to do → take to doing

  求助于,开始

  30. yearn to → yearn for

  渴望

  31. at average → on average

  平均

  32. identify oneself to → identify oneself with

  参加到…中

  33. be successful on doing →

  be successful at/in doing

  成功做某事

  34. get one’s teeth on → get one’s teeth into

  埋头做,认真做

  35. approach to do … → approach to doing …

  做某事的方法

  36. succeed doing sth. → succeed in doing sth.

  成功做某事

  37. demand of luxury goods → demand for luxury goods

  对奢侈品的需求

  38. differ A from B → distinguish A from B

  把A和B区分开

  形近异义词的区分

  1. adapt v. 适合,改写 – adopt v. 采纳;收养

  2. confirm v. 批准,确认 – conform v. 准守

  3. former adj. 前者的 – formal adj. 正式的

  4. diary n. 日记 – dairy n. 牛奶场

  5. personal adj.私人的 – personnel n.人员

  6. beside prep. 在…旁边 – besides adv. 除了

  7. principal adj. 主要的 – principle n. 原则

  8. conscious n. 意识 – conscientious adj. 认真负责的,良心的

  9. stationary adj.固定的,不动的 – stationery n. 文具,办公用品

  10. considerate adj. 体贴的 – considerable adj. 大量的

  11. affect v. 影响 – effect n. 影响

  12. contact v. 联系 – contract v. 收缩

  13. moral adj. 道德的 – morale n. 士气

  14. industrious adj. 勤奋的 – industrial adj. 工业的

  15. desert n. 沙漠;v. 抛弃 – dessert n. 甜品

  16. require v. 要求 – acquire v. 获得,习得 – inquire v.咨询

  17. presence n. 出现,出席 – presentation n. 展示

  18. transformation n. 改变 – transmission n. 传播

  19. value n. 价值 – evaluate v. 评估,测评

  20. tense n. 时态;adj. 紧的 – tension n. 紧张

  21. cooker n. 厨具 – cook n. 厨师

  22. complexity n. 复杂性– complex n. 合成体

  23. insurance n. 保险 – assurance n. 担保

  24. provide v. 提供 – provided/providing 如果

  25. perceive v. 理解 – conceive v. 构想,设想

  26. effective adj. 有效的 – affective adj. 受…影响的

  27. latter adj. 后面的 – later adj. 后来

  28. late adj. 迟的,已故的 – latest adj.最晚的,最新的

  29. farther adj. 距离更远 – further adj. 程度更进一步

  30. healthy adj. 健康的 – healthful adj. 有益健康的

  31. continual adj. 连续的 – continuous adj. 持续不断的

  32. respectable adj. 可敬的; 体面的 – respectful adj. 表示尊敬的

  33. historic adj. 有历史意义的 – historical adj. 有关历史的

  34. rise vi. 起立;升起;(声音)提高 – raise vt. 举起;种植;唤醒;提出;鼓起

  35. producing v. 生产 – productive adj. 产量高的

  36. lonely adj. 精神上寂寞 – alone adj. 单独,一个人

  37. across prep. 从中间穿过 – cross v. 穿过

  38. permit n. 通行证 – permission n. 允许

  39. memorizing v. 记住 – memorable adj. 值得纪念的

  40. normal n. 常态,通常标准 – norm n. 规范,行为标准

  41. acceptability n. 可接受性 – acceptance n. 接受

  42. economical adj. 节俭的 – economic adj. 经济的

  43. agent n. 代理人 – agency n. 代理机构

  44. reward n. 回馈 – award n. 奖赏

  45. special adj. 特殊的 – specific adj. 特定的

  逻辑连词

  *根据上下文逻辑关系,选择正确的逻辑连词*

  1. therefore – nevertheless/however

  2. and – but

  3. but – because

  4. moreover – however

  5. after – before

  6. since – although

  7. that – if

  8. from now on – from then on

  9. all – none

  10. if – unless

  11. besides – except

  12. therefore – because

  13. so – because

  14. that’s why +结果 – that’s because +原因

  冠词

  *不定冠词、定冠词、零冠词*

  一、冠词多余

  1. on the either side → on either side

  2. in the Europe → in Europe

  3. in the winter → in winter (季节前不加冠词)

  4. take the issue → take issue (对…持异议,不同意)

  二、冠词缺漏

  1. among most → among the most

  2. one of first → one of the first

  3. atmosphere → the atmosphere

  (表示独一无二的事物)

  4. between us and rest → between us and the rest

  5. in minority → in the minority

  6. around floor → around the floor

  7. piano → the piano (乐器前要有定冠词)

  8. English language → the English language

  9. at heart of → at the heart of

  10. in long run → in the long run

  形容词副词混用

  *形容词修饰名词,副词修饰动词、形容词或整个句子*

  1. be well equipped as → be as well equipped as

  2. heavy industrialized → heavily-industrialized

  3. spread colossal → spread colossally

  4. similar strong → similarly strong

  5. feel hopeless thwarted → feel hopelessly thwarted

  6. comparative high proportion → comparatively high proportion

  7. in the passed 5 years → in the past 5 years

  8. culture embedded attitudes → culturally embedded attitudes

  9. increasing → increasingly

  10. simple → simply

  11. pure → purely

  12. much → many

  成分残缺、多余

  *箭头右边为正确的搭配*

  1. a world which I could get… → a world in which I could get…

  2. the idea shows → the idea that shows

  3. take for granted that → take it for granted that

  4. one of the most glaring form → one of the most glaring forms

  5. their jobs engage in their interest → their jobs engage their interest

  6. complain about sth. → complain sth.

  7. work sth. → work out sth.

  8. believe in → believe

  (believe单独使用表示一般的“相信”,believe in表示“信任某人,信仰…”)

  9. 20 percents → 20 percent

  10. eyes contact → eye contact

  11. seven → seventh

  12. the process which it function → the process by which it function

  13. communication service→ communications service

  14. average incomes → average income

  15. the like of → the likes of  诸如此类的

  16. be referred to XX → be referred to as XX


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作者:冷暖自知
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