2018年12月8日托福写作机经预测Asa student of university that has a long break between university semesters, theuniversity requires all students to do one of the following for one monthduring the break:
●students must take a course on the subject that has no direct connection totheir majors of study.
●students must volunteer to work in the city where the university is located ortheir hometowns to improve some aspects of life of the city or their own town.
whichone do you think is more beneficial for students in their university. Why?
2Sometimeswe are assigned to work in a group on a project. Do your agree or disagree thefollowing statement? The group will be helped more by members who are willingto do what other group members want them to do than by those who stronglyinsist that things should be done in a different way.
3Ratherthan help their children do schoolwork, parents should encourage their childrendo their homework independently.
4Itis better to relax by watching a movie or reading a book than doing physicalexercises.
5Itis better for people to have friends who are intelligent than to have friendswho have a good sense of humor.
6Someyoung people are free in the evenings or have days off at school, which way canbring them the most benefit?
●to accumulate work experience by a part-time job or volunteering in a community
●learning to play a sport
●learning to play a musical instrument
7At some universities, students take part in making decisions about the issuesthat affect daily life of everyone on campus, such as how many hours that thelibraries should be open each day or what kinds of food should be served in thecafeteria. But at some universities, experts are hired to make these decisions,students almost never involved. Which approach do you prefer and why.
8Do you agree that it is better to work for business owned by someone else thanto work for the business of one’s own family
9A city wants to help teachers of its high school students （age14-18）improvetheir teaching. It is considering two plans:
1）Choose a small group of excellent teachers; these teachers will attend a classled by an expert for additional training in how to teach effectively, and theywill then come back to their schools and provide that training for otherteachers in school.
2）Provide additional training in teaching effectively for high school teachers,using online material that each teacher will study individually.
10Students aged 13-18 are taught different subjects by different teachers whileyounger students are taught by only one teacher all day long. Some peoplesuggest it would benefit young students to be taught by different teachers. Doyou agree with this view? Why or why not?
2New Europeans Settle on America
3songbird的migration减少，首先是某人发现了这个现象，在60s-80s migration减少50%，然后就有人认为这不是个general的现象，但是接着就根据unusual distribution 发现是general，因为森林碎片化引起了ecosystemchange，所以migration减少。
想要知道动物能不能和人一样交流，有两种方法，一，学习动物的交流方式；二，教动物sign language做交流（发声系统不一样，所以不能是vocal）。提到了马的反例（训练的人偷偷给暗示，眨眼之类的），所以做实验，录下来，大家都不知道是什么，让猩猩去选，猩猩都选出来了。还有个小猩猩的玩具掉了，他指掉的地方选open, trainer就猜出来了，捡回来toy，而这些之前都没有教过，是新的。
1The universitydecides to remodel the dormitory and add a new space to it. Which space do yourecommend to add in your dormitory?
2Your university has acquired a piece of land next to the campus. There have beenthree options for the use of the land. Which do you prefer? Why?
1）the athletic facilities and stadiums
2）a park with nature trails
3）centers for students and hotel for campus guests
3Your local community center wants to add some new workshops or programs forchildren. Which of the following do you think would be the most beneficial forchildren’s development?
1）Art craft workshop
4The school allows students to keep pets in their dorms. Do you think it is goodor not?
5Which of the following three do you think is the most important for a greatworking environment? Friendly coworkers, flexible hours or a helpful boss?
6Your friend is going to take a part-time job in college. Please describe theadvantages and disadvantages of doing a part-time.
7Among the following jobs. Which do you is most interesting one and why?
8What would you advise somebody who was planning to come to your country tostudy?
9Which kind of roommate do you prefer: a roommate from a foreign country or aroommate from your own country?
10If you are going to have an interview with a famous person in your community,which of the following people will you choose? Give detailed information tosupport your answer and explain why.
3天文学系一位男生去图书馆预定T恤，为的是参加科学集会。这个T恤的灵感来自于物理学系的同学。这位天文学系男生自己很有想法。他设计的T恤正面是八大行星的照片，下面写上它们的名字。然后，图书管理员阿姨问，为什么没有冥王星（Pluto），学生说，Pluto已经不是Major planet，而是Minor planet。学生说T恤的背面设计也很简单，先在上面写一句话：all are welcome in theastronomy department，而且必须小写（major），然后来一张Pluto的图。（旧题）
4鸟类迁徙。第一个理论：sun navigation. 鸟儿根据太阳来辨别方向；第二个理论：magnet 地球磁场；第三个理论：scent-map 气味地图。鸟儿能识别目的地的气味，还有路上的地标的气味，以此来辨别方向。教授评价：前两个理论的缺陷是不能说明鸟儿怎么知道具体的currentposition;第三个理论有实验和证据证明，但是科学家还有些doubt未解决。
5Melodrama中使用了spectacle, 更真实地模拟现实，更重要地是吸引观众多回来看戏剧。服装方面也不像以前的戏剧那样穿演出时代的服装，而是穿戏剧中所表演的那个时代的服装。Box set的使用也增加了戏剧演出的真实性。社会发展和学科发展促进现实主义戏剧的发展，科学家和剧作家都要进行仔细观察。